C 101. The procedures for voting specified in the proper law of the Congregation are to be observed.
D 101.1. The monastic chapter may permit voting by proxy except when this is forbidden by civil or canon law. Each community is to determine the procedures and conditions under which proxies are permitted. No capitular, however, may act as proxy for more than one absent capitular.
D 101.2. 1. Whenever a candidate is presented to the monastic chapter for admission to the novitiate or to profession, if there is someone present (including the abbot) who is related to the candidate by blood or marriage to the fourth degree (up to first cousins) inclusive, he is to leave the meeting during the report and discussion. He is to return to the chapter for the vote.
D 101.2. 2. This same norm applies to all other discussions of individuals either in the council of seniors or the monastic chapter.
D 101.3. With the exception of the election of an abbot, which has its own provisions, and unless the local monastic chapter, by majority vote, adopts a different procedure, the following norms are to be observed for all elections in the monasteries of the Congregation (cf. CIC 119).
D 101.4. The chapter must be convoked in accordance with C 27. The provisions of CIC 166.2-3 are to be observed.
D 101.5. A majority of the capitulars must be present in person or by proxy for an election (CIC 119.1).
D 101.6. 1. An absolute majority of those present is required for someone to be elected on the first ballot (CIC 119.1). The majority is determined on the basis of the number of those present at the time of the voting in person or by proxy, regardless of whether or not their votes are invalid or abstentions.
D 101.6. 2. If no absolute majority is achieved on the first ballot, a second ballot is taken. An absolute majority of those present is required for someone to be elected on the second ballot.
D 101.6. 3. If no absolute majority is achieved on the second ballot, a third ballot is taken. On this ballot the choice is between the two candidates who have obtained the greater number of votes, or, if there are several with the same number of votes, between the two who are senior by monastic profession. If two monks receive the same number of votes on the third ballot, that one is elected who is senior by monastic profession.
D 101.7. Unless otherwise explicitly stated in the proper law of the Congregation and unless the local monastic chapter, by majority vote, adopts a different procedure that is in conformity with universal law, the following procedure must be observed in the monasteries of the Congregation for all cases when the consent of a chapter or council is required (cf. CIC 127).
D 101.8. The capitulars or councillors are to be summoned in accordance with C 27 and C 31 and the provisions of CIC 166.
D 101.9. Only one ballot is taken. An absolute majority of the capitulars present in person or by proxy at the time of the voting is required for a resolution to pass.
D 101.10. If an absolute majority is not achieved or if there is a parity of votes, the required consent is not obtained. The abbot may, however, present the matter again at a later date.
D 101.11. When universal law or the proper law of the Congregation requires that the abbot consult either the monastic chapter or the council of seniors, those bodies must be convoked. The following procedure is to be observed:
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