The Order of Saint Benedict

Saint Scholastica

Virgin and Religious Founder

Twin Sister of Benedict

Feast: 10 February


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CHAPTER THIRTY-THREE: Of a Miracle Wrought by his Sister, Scholastica.

GREGORY: Who is there, Peter, in this world, that is in greater favor with God than St. Paul? Three times he petitioned our Lord to be delivered from the thorn of the flesh, and yet he did not obtain his petition. Speaking of that, I must tell you how there was one thing which the venerable father Benedict would have liked to do, but he could not.

His sister, named Scholastica, was dedicated from her infancy to our Lord. Once a year she came to visit her brother. The man of God went to her not far from the gate of his monastery, at a place that belonged to the Abbey. It was there he would entertain her. Once upon a time she came to visit according to her custom, and her venerable brother with his monks went there to meet her.

They spent the whole day in the praises of God and spiritual talk, and when it was almost night, they dined together. As they were yet sitting at the table, talking of devout matters, it began to get dark. The holy Nun, his sister, entreated him to stay there all night that they might spend it in discoursing of the joys of heaven. By no persuasion, however, would he agree to that, saying that he might not by any means stay all night outside of his Abbey.

At that time, the sky was so clear that no cloud was to be seen. The Nun, hearing this denial of her brother, joined her hands together, laid them on the table, bowed her head on her hands, and prayed to almighty God. 

Lifting her head from the table, there fell suddenly such a tempest of lightning and thundering, and such abundance of rain, that neither venerable Benedict, nor his monks that were with him, could put their heads out of doors. The holy Nun, having rested her head on her hands, poured forth such a flood of tears on the table, that she transformed the clear air to a watery sky. 

After the end of her devotions, that storm of rain followed; her prayer and the rain so met together, that as she lifted up her head from the table, the thunder began.  So it was that in one and the very same instant that she lifted up her head, she brought down the rain.

The man of God, seeing that he could not, in the midst of such thunder and lightning and great abundance of rain return to his Abbey, began to be heavy and to complain to his sister, saying: "God forgive you, what have you done?" She answered him, "I desired you to stay, and you would not hear me; I have desired it of our good Lord, and he has granted my petition. Therefore if you can now depart, in God's name return to your monastery, and leave me here alone."

Departure Delayed

[Karl Stadler OSB, 1980: Benedict and Scholastica]But the good father, not being able to leave, tarried there against his will where before he would not have stayed willingly. By that means, they watched all night and with spiritual and heavenly talk mutually comforted one another. 

Therefore, by this we see, as I said before, that he would have had one thing, but he could not effect it.  For if we know the venerable man's mind, there is no question but that he would have had the same fair weather to have continued as it was when he left his monastery.  He found, however, that a miracle prevented his desire. A miracle that, by the power of almighty God, a woman's prayers had wrought.

Is it not a thing to be marveled at, that a woman, who for a long time had not seen her brother, might do more in that instance than he could? She realized, according to the saying of St. John, "God is charity" [1 John 4:8]. Therefore, as is right, she who loved more, did more.

PETER: I confess that I am wonderfully pleased with that which you tell me.

CHAPTER THIRTY-FOUR: How Benedict Saw the Soul of his Sister Ascend into Heavenly Glory.

GREGORY: The next day the venerable woman returned to her nunnery, and the man of God to his abbey. Three days later, standing in his cell, and lifting up his eyes to heaven, he beheld the soul of his sister (which was departed from her body) ascend into heaven in the likeness of a dove.

Rejoicing much to see her great glory, with hymns and praise he gave thanks to almighty God, and imparted the news of her death to his monks.  He sent them presently to bring her corpse to his Abbey, to have it buried in that grave which he had provided for himself. By this means it fell out that, as their souls were always one in God while they lived, so their bodies continued together after their death.

From Gregory the Great (c. 540-604), Dialogues, Book II (Life and Miracles of St. Benedict). Courtesy of the Saint Pachomius Library.


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Notes

-- Collect (oratio) in ms. [transcribed and completed]:

[Ms. port.]
D

eus, qui beátae Vírginis tuæ Scholásticæ ánimam ad ostendéndam [innocéntiæ viam in colúmbæ spécie cælum penetráre fecísti: da nobis eius méritis et précibus ita innocénter vivere; ut ad ætérna mereámur gáudia perveníre. Per Dóminum.]

Prayer: O God, to show us where innocence leads, you made the soul of your virgin Saint Scholastica soar to heaven like a dove in flight. Grant through her merits and her prayers that we may so live in innocence as to attain to joys everlasting. This we ask through our Lord.

-- Saint Scholastica was the abbess of Plumbariola, the first "Benedictine" convent.

-- Santa Scolastica, Subiaco, is the site of the first printing press in Italy, established there in 1463. The monastery is at the foot of the hill that supports the cave to which Saint Benedict withdrew. Another monastery, del Sacro Speco, protects and surrounds the sacred shrine of the Benedictines near the summit.


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Related Resources

[P. Hargreen drawing of Scholastica]

"Of a Miracle Wrought by His Sister, Scholastica," Chapter 33, Book II of Gregory's Dialogues (ex St. Pachomius Lib.) * Another version in Latin and English (Julia Bolton Holloway).

About Saint Benedict, her brother, by Abbot Primate Jerome Theisen OSB.

"Saint Scholastica and Saint Benedict: a paradox, a paradigm" by Sister Jane Morrissey SSJ, 1991 (Mirror of Saints, Julia Bolton Holloway, 1991, 1997).

Brother/Sister Monasteries: Where are they?

The Monastic Liturgy Forum. Scholastica Project: provisional texts appropriate to Saint Scholastica.

Monte Cassino, Italy. Image of Saint Scholastica

Norris, Kathleen and Tomie dePaola. The Holy Twins: Benedict and Scholastica (Putnam's, 2001). Based on St. Gregory's Dialogues, written and illustrated for children, a delight for adults.

St. Benedict's Parish, Baltimore, MD, -- the priests come from St. Vincent Archabbey -- offers a nicely illustrated, brief life of St. Scholastica.

Subiaco: Bibliography and Website.

 

OSB Index | Saint Benedict's Monastery
Monte Cassino | General Information

Illustrations used for educational purposes only: Bibliotheque National de France, Pope Saint Gregory I, ms. miniatur (© BNF). Philip Hagreen (disciple of Eric Gill), "S. Scholastica," from the Saint John's Abbey collection. Monastero Santa Scolastica, Subiaco, Italy- miniature illustrating the collect for the Feast of Saint Scholastica in a fourteenth century liturgical manuscript (© Copyright 1995-2009 by S. Scolastica; riproduzione vietata; all rights reserved).


 

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